What are Stem Cells?
STEM CELLS are like the building blocks of the human body. At the beginning of our lives, they divide over and over again to create us from an embryo. During our lifetime, they replenish cells in our blood, bone, skin, and organs to keep us alive and functioning.
Stem Cell Characteristics:
A stem cell is a cell with the unique ability to develop into specialised cell types in the body. In the future, they may be used to replace cells and tissues that have been damaged or lost due to disease. Most cells are specialised to perform particular functions, such as red blood cells that carry oxygen around our bodies in the blood, but they are unable to divide.
Stem cells provide new cells for the body as it grows, and replace specialised cells that are damaged or lost. They have two unique properties that enable them to do this:
- Firstly, the ability to self-renew (perform mitosis), this is a part of the cell cycle when replicated chromosomes are separated into two new nuclei. This gives rise to identical replicated cells. No other cell in the body has the natural ability to generate new cell types.
- Secondly, to differentiate into specialized cells such as cartilage, heart cells, insulin-producing cells, liver cells, and neurons. This regenerative ability of stem cells makes them the ideal choice to tackle many of today’s chronic disease.
Type of Cells used in Treatments
Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) from Umbilical Cord Tissue are our preferred cell type and source. MSCs from cord post-birth are the youngest source of adult tissue available with stem cells which hold very high rates of differentiation and immune modulation.
Also, these specific MSCs are immune privileged, which means they can be used as a global donor cell source.